Reviewing Visual Evidence

In all evidence captures the context and conditions of the time and way it was captured is vital when it comes to analysis. 

It is imperative to note the time the activity was captured so that you can confirm the whereabouts of any members of the team.  This will eliminate them from potentially being the cause of the activity. 

Environmental conditions should be noted as well.  Visual anomalies (in the main I mean orbs) could be the result of dusty or damp conditions or fluff coming off of your clothes.  It could also be as a result of the equipment you are using, such as lens flair or shutter speed.

Mist-like anomalies could be as a result of cold temperatures causing our breath to be seen or steam to rise from the ground if it is very warm after a rain shower.

When taking photographs, take them in a series of 3.  This way there is a distinct time frame with which to confirm the activity.  If there is something in the second photo but not the first and third, then this allows us to state “well these were taken over the space of 5 seconds in the exact same conditions, the team was accounted for, no cars drove past or flashes of lightning or torches etc, there is no reasonable physical explanation and therefore I believe this to be paranormal.”  

Without considering all of the above to rule out the normal, we cannot claim that the anomaly is paranormal.

Visual evidence using cameras can be controversial.  It may be that something has been labelled paranormal evidence when it is entirely explainable.  It could be what you see on camera may have been edited to exaggerate the activity captured, or indeed it could have been faked in its entirety.  

If you are in any doubt, don’t call it evidence of the paranormal.

Reviewing Audio Evidence

Audio evidence can be captured on camera audio or digital recorders.  When you do a digital recorder session you absolutely must mark any sounds or noises, your feet scraping on the floor, clearing your throat, a team member speaking etc.  

We need to mark these points on the digital recorder so when we analyse the audio we can immediately rule out anything we know to have been caused by logical/physical explanation.  

The main reason we try to capture audio evidence is to catch voice phenomena.  There are two main types:

  • EVP’s – Electronic Voice Phenomena is when a voice is captured on an audio device that is not heard with our own ears.  These can be classified in to classes depending on the quality of the voice.  An A class EVP will have vocal tone with the word clearly understandable without any difficulty.  B class EVP’s will be more of a whisper with no vocal tone but still easy to understand without difficulty.  C class EVP’s will be more difficult to interpret and faint or whispery.  Audio software will be needed to “clean it up” to clarify what has been said.
  • DVP’s – Direct Voice Phenomena is when we hear a voice with our own ears, it could also be captured at the same time on an audio device.  DVP’s can be heard as whispers or with full vocal tones.
We can analyse the audio in real time by playing it back immediately, or we can analyse it in more depth at a later date, normally using an audio software.  The audio software allows us to slow down the recording, enhance certain aspects of the recording, remove background noise and amplify certain parts of the recording. 
As with visual evidence, if you are in any doubt, don’t call it evidence of the paranormal.
Audio waves of an EVP from Shepton Mallet Prison in September 2019